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Regimental Badge

65th (2nd Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot

Regimental Badge

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Instruction of Musketry

Platoon Exercise by Numbers (with the long rifle)

From the Shoulder -

   

 

Command

 

Action

As a Front
(or Rear)
Rank.
Prepare to Load
 
  • Seize the rifle with the right hand close above the lower band, keeping the elbow as close to the body as possible,
  • turning on the heels, point the right foot to the right, the left full to the front,
  • eyes to look to the front.
Two  
  • As a front rank - Carry the left foot 10 inches to the left front (viz., 6 to the front and 8 to the left) in a diagonal direction, carrying the body with it, toes pointing to the front
    As a rear rank - Carry the left foot 6 inches to the front, carrying the body with it, shoulders to be square to the front.
  • Bring the rifle down in the right hand opposite the left breast to the full extent of the arm
  • and seizing it with the left hand at the nose cap (thumb and fingers round the stock and barrel),
  • place the butt without noise on the ground close against the inside of the left foot,
  • with the heel of it in line with the ball of the big toe,
  • barrel to the front and perpendicular,
  • keeping the left arm close to the side;
  • carry the right hand at once to the pouch (elbow to the rear), and take up a cartridge, holding it with the forefinger and thumb close to the top, with the bullet in the palm of the hand.

 

   

 

Load  
  • Bring the cartridge to the forefinger and thumb of the left hand,
  • and with the arm close to the body, carefully tear off the end without spilling the powder,
  • any motion which may be necessary should be from the wrist only.
Two  
  • Bring the cartridge to the muzzle and pour the powder into the barrel,
  • inclining the palm of the hand to the front.
  • and bringing the right elbow square with the wrist in so doing.
Three  
  • Reverse the cartridge by dropping the hand over the muzzle,
  • bringing the fingers round the barrel, and the knuckles to the front,
  • and put the bullet nearly its whole length into the barrel,
  • holding the paper above the point of the bullet between the forefinger and thumb,
  • still keeping the right elbow square with the wrist.
Four  
  • By a turn of the wrist from left to right,
  • pressing the little finger against the barrel,
  • and dropping the elbow to the side,
  • tear off the paper, which is held between the forefinger and thumb
    - when completed the little finger must rest against the side of the barrel, the knuckles inclined towards the ground.
Five  
  • Seize the head of the ramrod between the second joint of the forefinger and thumb,
  • knuckles towards the body.
Rod  
  • Force the ramrod up and seize it in the middle between the first two fingers and thumb of the right hand,
  • the forefinger to be in line with the muzzle
  • knuckles towards the body,
  • the remaining fingers closed in the hand
  • elbow square with the wrist,
  • the thumb of the left hand to point to the muzzle.
Two  
  • Draw the ramrod entirely out by straightening the arm
  • turn it, droppin ght head to the front,
  • so that the point will pass close to the side of the left ear
  • and place it on top of the bullet,
  • the ramrod to be perpendicular and held in the middle between the two first fingers and thumb,
  • the remaining fingers closed in thepalm of the hand, knuckles full to the front,
  • the arm to be kept as close to the ramrod as possible without constraint
  • and without altering the squareness of the shoulders.
Home  
  • Force the bullet down till the second finger touches the muzzle,
  • bringing the elbow close to the body,
  • and inclining the knuckles to the right.
Two  
  • Move the right hand smartly to the point of the ramrod,
  • and sieze it again there, as in the second motion of "Rod"
Three  
  • Force the bullet steadily straight down to the bottom,
  • at the same time bringing the elbow down close in to the body
  • and inclining the knuckles to the right.
Four
  • By two steady and firm pressures, raising the ramrod about one inch on each occasion, ascertain that the bullet is resting on the powder;
  • all strokes that may indent the point of the bullet to be avoided.
Return  
  • Draw up the ramrod half way out and seize it in the middle as in the first motion of "Rod".
Two  
  • Draw the ramrod entirely out,
  • turn it over, the point towards the front,
  • and put it into its place,
  • pressing it towards the body in so doing to prevent the point catching the band or otherwise doing injury to the stock;
  • move up the right hand smartly,
  • place the second joint of the forefinger on the head of the ramrod and force it home;
  • then seize it between the second joint of the forefinger and thumb,
  • and dropping the left hand down at the same instant to its full extent and seize the rifle,
  • the arm close in to the body.
Cap  
  • Let the shoulders resume the half face;
  • bring the rifle to a horizontal position at the right side with the left hand,
  • which is to grasp it firmly,
  • little finger toching the projection in front of the lock-plate,
  • the thumb between the stock and barrel;
  • the left arm close to the body as a support
  • at the same time meet the small of the butt with the right hand, elbow to the rear'
  • hold it lightly with the fingers behind the trigger guard and half cock the rifle,
  • the thumb to remain on the cock,
  • As a front rank - the small of the butt must be pressed against the hip
    As a rear rank - four inches above it.
Two  
  • Advance the fingers to the nipple,
  • and with the forefinger throw off the old cap
Three
  • Carry the hand to the cap pocket,
  • and take up a cap with between the forefinger and thumb.
  • the remaining fingers to be closed in the hand, elbow to the rear.
Four
  • Put the cap on the nipple,
  • looking down while placing it,
  • and then raising the eyes to the front.
Five
  • Press the cap home with the flat part of the thumb,
  • with the fingers closed in the hand and against the lock-plate.
Six
  • Bring the hand to the small of the butt, and hold it lightly with the fingers behind the trigger guard,
  • thumb pointing to the muzzle.
At ___ yards
Ready
 
  • Carry the right hand to the sight,
  • and with the forefinger and thumb adjust the sliding bar, placing the top even with the line, or to the place that indicates the elevation necessary for the distance named;
  • then raise the flap without a jerk, from the top, if required;
  • after which bring the hand back to the small of the butt,
  • and full cock the rifle,
  • and hold it lightly with the fingers behind the trigger guard,
  • thumb pointing to the muzzle,
  • and fix the eye steadfastly on some object in front.
Present  
  • Without moving the left hand from its grasp of the stock, or stooping or raising the heels off the ground,
  • bring the rifle to the shoulder, carrying it to the front (as to clear the body) as it ascends,
  • press the centre of the butt firmly to the shoulder with the left hand
  • bringing the elbow well under the rifle as a support, and raising the right elbow rearly square with, and bringing it well to the front of the right shoulder, so as to form a bed for the butt,
  • the right hand to hold lightly the small 
  • with the thumb pointing to the muzzle, which is to be a few inches below the object the eye is fixed upon,
  • the forefinger along the outside of the trigger guard,
  • and the left eye closed.
Two  
  • The arm of the front-rank man is not to be raised too high, as he would thereby prevent his rear-rank man taking aim.
Three  
  • Place the forefinger round the trigger like a hook, that part of it between the first and second joint to rest flat on the trigger,
  • and restrain the breathing.
Four  
  • Raise the muzzle steadily until the top of the fore-sight is brought in a line with the object through the bottom of the notch of the back-sight.
Five  
  • Press the trigger without the least jerk or motion of the hand, eye, or arm until the cock falls upon the nipple,
  • keeping the eye firmly fixed upon the object.
  • Bring the rifle to the capping position,
  • and having, if the flap has been raised, shut it down, without moving the sliding bar,
  • and seize the rifle with the right hand close to the front of the left, fore arm close to the barrel;
  • and after a pause of slow time, bring the rifle with the right hand to a perpendicular position opposite the right breast,
  • turning the barrel to the front
  • then seize it with the left hand at the nose cap, and come to the position of prepare to load, 2nd motion.

[Note: There is no command Fire. The men fire when they have covered their target. There is one exception; it occurs when troops are aiding the Civil Power. When so employed, the men are on no account to fire without the command Fire. (Sinnott's Military Catechism, p 76)]

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Updated 12 May, 2004