65th (2nd Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot
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After basic Drill was taught to recruits, they were then drilled endlessly (up to 6-8 hours a day) in company and battalion drill, until formation changes became second nature.
Here are some basic definitions of terms used:
File - two soldiers, a front and rear rank.
Rank - a line of soldiers. Each man occupies a width of 21 inches.
Intervals - a gap the width of one man, between files
Order - This refers to the distance the rear rank is from the front rank, measured from heel to heel. (One pace is 30")
A third, or supernumerary, rank containing subalterns and serjeants stands three paces behind the rear rank.
Line - A formation two ranks deep.
Column -a formation with depth, in which bodies of troops are drawn up behind each other at varying distances
Pivot - any officer or soldier on which a company may wheel: when in column right in front. i.e. the Grenadiers leading, the left is the pivot flank, and the reverse when left in front, i.e. Light Infantry leading. The flank opposed to the Pivot one is called the Reverse flank.
Company Drill - Falling In
The Company is divided into two sub-divisions - left and right, and four sections.
On the command Fall-In the company falls in at close order, without intervals, on the right, with shouldered arms (if with long rifle), as shown below, Senior Serjeant covering the Captain and supernumerary officers and serjeants thus:
Supernumeraries stand three paces from the rear rank.
Dressing a Squad
Eyes - Right
Eyes directed to the right
Dress (with intervals)
Dress (without intervals)
Eyes – Front
Company Drill - On the Move
Paces per minute
Length of pace
(Caution) COMPANY WILL ADVANCE -
BY THE LEFT (RIGHT) - MARCH (slow march)
BY THE LEFT (RIGHT) - QUICK MARCH (quick march)
There are two ways to march the company diagonally:
Orders for Half Turn march -
RIGHT (LEFT) HALF TURN - Each man pivots 45° to the direction ordered and takes a normal pace, covering the man beside the front rank man.
HALT - FRONT (to cease)
Orders for Oblique march -
TO THE RIGHT (LEFT) OBLIQUE - Each man:
Note: Always step off on the left foot, so the first step of Right Oblique is to move left foot to position 2.
FORWARD (to cease)
time without halting
These are the allowable orders for changing time on the march -
Slow to Quick
Slow to Double
Quick to Double
Double to Quick
Quick to Slow, but
Double to Halt (not Slow)
Marking the time with taps of drum or left, right not allowed. Drum time before marching off.
Turning on the march
RIGHT (LEFT) TURN - performed in three paces, without command FORWARD
RIGHT (LEFT) ABOUT - Turn, Mark Time until command FORWARD
RIGHT (LEFT) ABOUT THREE-QUARTERS - Turn, Mark Time until command FORWARD
FRONT TURN - turn to that hand nearest their front
Command TURN given as foot to which the turnings are to be made, placed on the ground
On the command HALT -
front rank take a full pace with that foot which is off the ground
rear rank take a half pace with that foot which is off the ground
RIGHT (LEFT) CLOSE, QUICK MARCH -
STEP BACK, MARCH (Slow time)
On HALT, bring front foot back square with the other
Drill Exercises on the March
The following drill exercises are performed on the march:
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Page updated 31 March, 2000