Regimental Badge

65th (2nd Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot

Regimental Badge

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Company Drill

After basic Drill was taught to recruits, they were then drilled endlessly (up to 6-8 hours a day) in company and battalion drill, until formation changes became second nature.

Here are some basic definitions of terms used:

File - two soldiers, a front and rear rank.

Rank - a line of soldiers. Each man occupies a width of 21 inches.

Intervals - a gap the width of one man, between files

Order - This refers to the distance the rear rank is from the front rank, measured from heel to heel. (One pace is 30")

A third, or supernumerary, rank containing subalterns and serjeants stands three paces behind the rear rank.

Line - A formation two ranks deep.

Column -a formation with depth, in which bodies of troops are drawn up behind each other at varying distances

Pivot - any officer or soldier on which a company may wheel: when in column right in front. i.e. the Grenadiers leading, the left is the pivot flank, and the reverse when left in front, i.e. Light Infantry leading. The flank opposed to the Pivot one is called the Reverse flank.


Company Drill - Falling In
The Company is divided into two sub-divisions - left and right, and four sections.

On the command Fall-In the company falls in at close order, without intervals, on the right, with shouldered arms (if with long rifle), as shown below, Senior Serjeant covering the Captain and supernumerary officers and serjeants thus:

Supernumeraries stand three paces from the rear rank.

Dressing a Squad

Eyes - Right

Eyes directed to the right

Dress (with intervals)

  • Extend right hand
  • Palm of hand upwards, nails touching shoulder of man to right

Dress (without intervals)

  • Lower part of arm lightly touching man to right
  • Move till can see jaw of man two over

Eyes Front

  • Eyes and head to front
  • Drop arm

Company Drill - On the Move

March Times


Paces per minute

Length of pace

Slow 75 30"
Quick 110 30"
Double 150 36"


Marching Off


BY THE LEFT (RIGHT) - MARCH (slow march)



Diagonal Marching
There are two ways to march the company diagonally:

Orders for Half Turn march -

RIGHT (LEFT) HALF TURN - Each man pivots 45 to the direction ordered and takes a normal pace, covering the man beside the front rank man.

HALT - FRONT (to cease)

Orders for Oblique march -


Note: Always step off on the left foot, so the first step of Right Oblique is to move left foot to position 2.

FORWARD (to cease)


Changing time without halting
These are the allowable orders for changing time on the march -

Slow to Quick

Slow to Double

Quick to Double

Double to Quick

Quick to Slow, but

Double to Halt (not Slow)


Marking the time with taps of drum or left, right not allowed. Drum time before marching off.


Turning on the march

RIGHT (LEFT) TURN - performed in three paces, without command FORWARD

RIGHT (LEFT) ABOUT - Turn, Mark Time until command FORWARD


FRONT TURN - turn to that hand nearest their front


Command TURN given as foot to which the turnings are to be made, placed on the ground


On the command HALT -

front rank take a full pace with that foot which is off the ground

rear rank take a half pace with that foot which is off the ground


Side Step



Back Step

STEP BACK, MARCH (Slow time)

On HALT, bring front foot back square with the other


Drill Exercises on the March

The following drill exercises are performed on the march:


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Page updated 31 March, 2000